* This translated version is originated from Ministry of Justice and for reference only.
Article 6. Tasks and powers of the press.
The press shall have the following tasks and powers:
1. To convey true information on the domestic and world situation in conformity with the interests of the country and the people;
2. To disseminate, popularize and contribute to the elaboration and protection of, the Party’s lines, directions and policies, the State’s laws and achievements of the country and the world, according to the guiding principles and objectives of the press bodies; to contribute to the political stabilization, raising the people’s knowledge, meeting the people’s healthy cultural needs, protecting and bringing into play the nation’s fine traditions, building and promoting the socialist democracy, strengthening the entire people’s unity bloc, building and defending the Socialist Fatherland Vietnam;
3. To reflect and guide public opinion; to act as a forum for people to exercise the right to freedom of speech;
4. To discover and display examples of good people, good deeds and good factors; to prevent and combat acts of law violations and other negative phenomena in the society;
5. To contribute to preserving the purity and clarity of Vietnamese language and dialects of ethnic minorities of Vietnam;
6. To broaden the mutual understanding between the countries and peoples, take part in the world people’s cause for peace, national independence, democracy and social progress.
Article 7. Provision of information to the press.
Organizations shall have the right and obligation to provide information to the press and to assist the press in providing accurate and up-to-date information and shall be responsible before the law for the content of information provided within the scope of their rights and obligations.
In respect of court cases which are under investigation or are pending hearing, an organization which is involved in legal proceedings may choose not to provide information to the press, however, the press shall remain entitled to rely on their own sources and report the matter to the public and shall be responsible before the law for the content of the information provided.
The press shall have the right and obligation not to disclose the names of persons providing information where it is possible that such disclosure may cause harm to those persons, except in cases where a request is made by the director of the people's inspectorate or the chief judge of the people's courts at provincial level or equivalent or superior bodies and disclosure is necessary for the investigation and judging of serious offences.
Article 8. Response through the press.
The head of a press organization may request relevant organizations or officials to respond to issues which are raised by citizens; the relevant organizations and officials shall then be responsible for so responding.
Organizations and citizens may request that press organizations respond to the matters of which they have been informed; the press organizations shall then be responsible for so responding.
In the event that press organizations discover or receive complaints or allegations from citizens in relation to matters which may involve a breach of the law, they shall impresstely report such matters in writing to the organization responsible for investigation or to the Public Prosecution; the organization responsible for investigation or the Public Prosecution shall then be responsible for proceeding with the cases and notifying the press of the measures which will be taken in the resolution of those matters.
Article 9. Corrections on the press.
1. If the press conveys untrue or distorted information, slanders or infringes upon the prestige of organizations, the honor or dignity of individuals, it shall have to issue or broadcast a correction or apology of its own or of the press work’s author. In cases where there is a conclusion of the competent State agency, the concerned press body shall have to publish or broadcast such conclusion.
2. Organizations and individuals shall have the right to make written speeches on the contents of information on the press if having grounds to believe that the press has given untrue or distorted information, slandered or infringed upon them. The concerned press body shall have to publish or broadcast such organizations and individuals speeches on the information already carried or transmitted on their own press.
Organizations and individuals speeches must not infringe upon the press bodies, the author’s honor and dignity.
After receiving speeches of organizations or individuals, within 5 days for daily newspapers, radio stations and television stations, 10 days for weekly newspapers and in the latest issue for magazines, the press bodies shall have to publish or broadcast such speeches.
3. Corrections or apologies of the press bodies and press works authors as well as speeches of organizations and individuals stipulated in Clauses 1 and 2 of this Article must be published or broadcast corresponding to the information already released by the press under the Government’s stipulations.
4. Where the press bodies fail to make corrections or apologies or make corrections or apologies in contravention of this Law; fail to publish or broadcast organizations or individuals speeches, such organizations or individuals shall have the right to lodge complaints to the parent agencies of such press bodies or the State management agencies in charge of the press or initiate a lawsuit at court.
Article 10. Matters on which the press is not permitted to report.
In order to exercise properly freedom of speech by way of the press, press organizations shall comply with the following principles:
1. To abstain from inciting the people to rebel against the State of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and damage the unification of the people;
2. To abstain from inciting the use of violence, from disseminating propaganda relating to war, from creating hatred between ethnic groups and people from different countries, from encouraging obscenity, depravity and crime;
3. To abstain from disclosing State secrets including: military, security, economic, foreign relations, and other secrets stipulated by law;
4. To abstain from disseminating information which is untruthful, distorted, or slanderous and harmful to the reputation of organizations or the reputation and dignity of citizens.
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